Pollutant Information: Nickel
Category: Heavy metals and base cations
Inhalation of nickel can cause irritation to the nose and sinuses and can also lead to the loss of the sense of smell. Long-term exposure may lead to asthma or other respiratory diseases. Cancer of the lungs, nose and sinuses as well as the larynx and stomach has been attributed to exposure to nickel.
Emissions have declined by 65% since 1990. In 2014, nickel emissions were dominated by emissions from the combustion of coal, biomass, petroleum coke and fuel oil by the industrial and domestic sectors. In the past, fuel oil combustion was a much more significant source, and power station, refinery, and industry use of fuel oil accounted for the vast majority of emissions. Both coal and fuel oil use have decreased since 1970 in favour of natural gas, and this is largely responsible for the reduction in total emissions.
Time series graph
|Start year||End year||Sector||Information||Impact|
|1984||1985||Public Electricity and Heat Production||Miners strike resulting in a reduction in the consumption of coal and an increase in the consumption of alternative fuels in power stations for that year.||Increase in emissions|
|2009||2012||Public Electricity and Heat Production||The economic downturn has caused significant reductions in energy demands and many industries have made cut backs or closures, resulting in reduced emissions.||Decrease in emissions|