Pollutant Information: Vanadium 

About Vanadium

Category: Heavy metals and base cations

Acute exposure to vanadium by inhalation can cause irritation to the respiratory tract. Chronic exposure may lead to pneumonia. Emissions data are rather limited so the estimates are very uncertain. Estimated emissions have declined by 39% since 1990. Petroleum based fuels (DERV, fuel oil, gas oil and petroleum coke) contributed to 88% of the total 2014 vanadium emissions and diesel (DERV) use by road transport accounted for around 56% of this. The reduction in emissions with time reflects the decline in the use of fuel oils by the electricity supply industry, industry in general and the domestic sector; this is despite increases in road transport diesel use which have caused  vanadium emissions from road transport to approximately double since 1990.

» View and Download Vanadium emission summary data

Time series graph


Notable events

Start year End year Sector Information Impact
1984 1985 Public Electricity and Heat Production Miners strike resulting in a reduction in the consumption of coal and an increase in the consumption of alternative fuels in power stations for that year. Decrease in emissions

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